joi, 26 noiembrie 2009

Rasarituri - Sunrises













Photo: Pozaru

Apusuri - Sunsets


















Photo: Pozaru

luni, 23 noiembrie 2009

Animal Magnetism





Photo: Pozaru

vineri, 20 noiembrie 2009

Flori - Flowers











Photo: Pozaru (08.08/11.11)

Fluturi - Butterflyes


















Photo: Pozaru

duminică, 15 noiembrie 2009

Disneyland - Paris

Disneyland Park este un parc tematic si face parte din Disneyland Resort Paris. Acesta este amplasat în afara Parisului, in Marne-la-Vallée, Franţa. Parcul este bazat pe conceptul de "pionierat in California". Ocupând 566560 m² (140 acri), acesta este cel mai mare parc Disney. S-a deschis - ca EURO DISNEYLAND - la data de 12 aprilie 1992. Printre schimbările facute fata de parcul original a fost schimbarea de la Tomorrowland la "Discoveryland", dând zona de o temă retrofuturistic, mai degrabă decât futurist. Alte elemente care au fost modificate includ Haunted Mansion, care a fost reproiectat ca Phantom Manor, si Space Mountain. Modificările în parc au fost făcute pentru a proteja împotriva schimbării vremii din climatul parizian. Au fost adăugate Aleile Acoperite şi Michael Eisner a dispus instalarea de 35 de seminee în hoteluri şi restaurante. Parcul, precum şi complexele din jurul acestuia, iniţial nu au reuşit să răspundă aşteptărilor financiare. Acest lucru a dus la o schimbare de imagine în care cuvântul "euro" a fost eliminat din mai multe nume, inclusiv Euro Disneyland.
În 2008, harta parcului continea 49 de atractii în cinci zone cunoscute ca "terenuri."
Sursa: Wikipedia
Foto: Pozaru


Disneyland Park is a theme park which is a part of Disneyland Resort Paris. Operated by Euro Disney S.C.A., it is one of two theme parks in the complex just outside of Paris, in Marne-la-Vallée, France.
The park is based on a concept pioneered by Disneyland in California and further employed at the Magic Kingdom in Florida and Tokyo Disneyland in Japan. Occupying 566,560 m² (140 acres), it is the largest Disney park based on the original in California. The park opened as Euro Disneyland on 12 April 1992. For the fourth park to be based on the original in Anaheim, California, modifications were made to the concepts and designs of the park. Amongst these changes was a shift from Tomorrowland to "Discoveryland", giving the area a retrofuturistic theme rather than futuristic. Other elements that were altered include the Haunted Mansion, which was redesigned as Phantom Manor, and Space Mountain. The park's location in Europe brought forth its own challenges. For instance, the castle is said by its designers to have been necessarily reevaluated for a continent on which authentic castles stand.
Modifications to the park were made to protect against changes in weather in the Parisian climate. Covered walkways were added and Michael Eisner ordered the installation of 35 fireplaces in hotels and restaurants. "People walk around Disney World (sic) with humidity and temperatures in the 90s, and they walk into an air-conditioned ride and say, 'This is the greatest,'" said Eisner. "When it's raining and miserable, I hope they will walk into one of those lobbies with the fireplace going and say the same thing."
The park, as well as its surrounding complex, initially failed to meet financial expectations. This resulted in an image change in which the word "Euro" was phased out of several names, including Euro Disneyland.
In 2008, the park map lists 49 attractions in five areas known as "lands."
Source: Wikipedia
Photo: Pozaru







































duminică, 8 noiembrie 2009

Turnul Eiffel - Eiffel Tower

Turnul Eiffel (Tour Eiffel în franceză) este o construcţie faimoasă pe schelet de oţel din Paris ce măsoară 324 m. Acesta este simbolul Franţei cel mai răspândit la nivel mondial. A fost conceput de către Émile Nouguier, Maurice Koechlin şi Stephen Sauvestre, angajaţi la Eiffel şi Co. Gustave Eiffel, iniţial reticent asupra proiectului, a devenit ulterior un mare susţinător al său şi a cumpărat brevetul. Turnul care poartă numele său, este una dintre principalele destinaţii turistice, cu mai mult de 5,5 milioane de vizitatori anual. Turnul şi-a primit cel de-al 200.000.000 invitat pe 28 noiembrie 2002.
Structura a fost construită între anii 1887-1889 din oţel produs la Reşiţa, în România. Turnul Eiffel mai are în compoziţie oţel de la furnalul din Govăşdia, localitatea Ghelar din judeţul Hunedoara. Ea urma să servească drept arc de intrare la Expoziţia Universală (1889), un târg mondial ce sărbătorea centenarului Revoluţiei franceze. A fost inaugurat pe 31 martie 1889 şi deschis pe 6 mai. 300 de muncitori au unit 18.038 de piese de oţel, folosind două milioane jumătate de nituri. Luând în considerare standardele de siguranţă în acel moment, este remarcabil faptul că un singur muncitor a murit în construcţia turnului, în timpul instalării lifturilor. Lifturile originale funcţionau cu ajutorul unui sistem hidraulic, lifturile actuale sunt electrice.
Turnul are 300 m înălţime, excluzând antena din vârf, ce mai adaugă 20 de metri, şi o greutate de peste 10.000 de tone. Când a fost construit, era cea mai mare clădire din lume. Întreţinerea turnului include 50 de tone de vopsea maro închis, la fiecare 7 ani. Depinzând de temperatura aerului, Turnul Eiffel îşi schimbă înălţimea cu câţiva centimetri datorită contracţiei şi dilatării aliajului de metale.
Cel puţin la începuturile sale, publicul a întâmpinat cu multă reticenţă această construcţie, considerând-o inestetică. Astăzi însă este considerat drept simbolul oraşului şi una dintre cele mai frapante piese de artă arhitecturală din lume. Unul dintre clişeele hollywoodiene este priveliştea de la o fereastră pariziană, care întodeauna include Turnul Eiffel. La început, Eiffel a primit permisiunea de a lăsa monumetul în viaţă timp de 20 de ani, dar ţinând cont că oferea o serie de beneficii în domeniul comunicaţiilor, s-a renunţat la demontarea sa.
Turnul are 3 nivele: accesul publicului la primul şi al doilea nivel se poate face atât pe scări, cât şi cu liftul, în schimb accesul la ultimul nivel se face exclusiv cu liftul.
(sursa: Wikipedia)
(foto: Pozaru)

The Eiffel Tower  is a 19th century iron lattice tower located on the Champ de Mars in Paris that has become both a global icon of France and one of the most recognizable structures in the world. The Eiffel Tower, which is the tallest building in Paris,[1] is the single most visited paid monument in the world; millions of people ascend it every year. Named after its designer, engineer Gustave Eiffel, the tower was built as the entrance arch for the 1889 World's Fair.
The tower stands at 324 m (1,063 ft) tall, about the same height as an 81-story building. It was the tallest structure in the world from its completion until 1930, when it was eclipsed by the Chrysler Building in New York City. Not including broadcast antennas, it is the second-tallest structure in France, behind the Millau Viaduct, completed in 2004. And while the Eiffel Tower is a steel structure, and weighs approximately 10,000 tonnes, it actually has a relatively low density, weighing less than a cylinder of air occupying the same dimensions as the tower.
The tower has three levels for visitors. Tickets can be purchased to ascend either on stairs or lifts to the first and second levels. The walk to the first level is over 300 steps, as is the walk from the first to the second level. The third and highest level is only accessible by lift. Both the first and second levels feature restaurants.
The tower has become the most prominent symbol of both Paris and France. The tower is a featured part of the backdrop in literally scores of movies that take place in Paris. Its iconic status is so established that it even serves as a symbol for the entire nation of France, such as when it was used as the logo for the French bid to host the 1992 Summer Olympics.
The structure was built between 1887 and 1889 as the entrance arch for the Exposition Universelle, a World's Fair marking the centennial celebration of the French Revolution. Eiffel originally planned to build the tower in Barcelona, for the Universal Exposition of 1888, but those responsible at the Barcelona city hall thought it was a strange and expensive construction, which did not fit into the design of the city. After the refusal of the Consistory of Barcelona, Eiffel submitted his draft to those responsible for the Universal Exhibition in Paris, where he would build his tower a year later, in 1889. The tower was inaugurated on 31 March 1889, and opened on 6 May. Three hundred workers joined together 18,038 pieces of puddled iron (a very pure form of structural iron), using two and a half million rivets, in a structural design by Maurice Koechlin. The risk of accident was great, for unlike modern skyscrapers the tower is an open frame without any intermediate floors except the two platforms. However, because Eiffel took safety precautions, including the use of movable stagings, guard-rails and screens, only one man died.
(source: Wikipedia)
(photo: Pozaru)